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Rossio Square (Praça de Dom Pedro IV)
Rossio Square (Praça de Dom Pedro IV)

Rossio Square (Praça de Dom Pedro IV)

Free admission
Praca Dom Pedro IV

The Basics

Bustling Rossio Square(Praça de Dom Pedro IV) is characterized by the cobblestones’ wavy soapstone pattern and the Column of Pedro IV, known as Portugal’s Soldier King. Grab a seat on the terrace of the 200-year-old Café Nicola for stellar people-watching, or sit on the steps of the National Theatre (Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II) for a great view of the plaza and its beautiful baroque fountains.

Many half- and full-day tours of Lisbon—offered in a number of languages including English, Spanish, Italian, and French—start in or pass through Rossio Square. Hop-on hop-off sightseeing tours stop here as well. Music lovers can visit Rossio Square as part of a private tour that includes a live fado performance and dinner show.

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Things to Know Before You Go

  • Rossio Square(Praça de Dom Pedro IV) is a must for first-time visitors to Lisbon. It’s also a popular meeting point for groups and walking tours.

  • If you’re looking for a central Lisbon hotel, Rossio and the Baixa district feature a range of options for every type of traveler.

  • History comes alive in Rossio Square, with a number of museums, monuments, and churches nearby.

  • The square is accessible to wheelchairs and strollers.

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How to Get There

Located in the middle of Lisbon, Rossio Square(Praça de Dom Pedro IV) is easily accessible by taxi, on foot, and via public transport. The aptly named metro station is Rossio Square, and several public buses (207, 732, 736, 746, and 783) service this popular area.

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Trip ideas

Riding the Lisbon Tramway

Riding the Lisbon Tramway

Must-See UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Lisbon

Must-See UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Lisbon


When to Get There

Rossio Square(Praça de Dom Pedro IV) is a central meeting point for many, and is always lively and busy. The shoulder months of April, May, September, and October are considered to be the best times to explore Lisbon, when temperatures are cooler and crowds are thinner than during peak season (June through August).

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The History Behind Rossio

After the devastating earthquake of 1755, Rossio Square(Praça de Dom Pedro IV) became the unofficial city center of Lisbon. Once filled with packed hotels, tobacconists, and cafés that served as forums for cultural, philosophical, and political discussions, only a few cafés have remained and thrived. Today places such as Café Nicola serve as reminders of old Lisbon and continue to serve throngs of people each day.

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